Nursing diagnosis of hemophilia

Nursing diagnosis of hemophilia

Nursing diagnosis of hemophilia

What is hemophilia:
Hemophilia is a sex-linked hereditary bleeding disorder in which the clotting mechanism of the blood does not function properly. Blood normally contains several factors that enable clotting to occur. These are designated coagulation factors I through XIII. their are 3 Classification of hemophilia.
Classification of hemophilia
  1. In the most common form of hemophilia — classic hemophilia, or hemophilia A — factor VIII is deficient. In this case, factors I through VII function adequately, but the clotting process is interrupted by a lack of sufficient amounts of factor VIII.
  2. Hemophilia B is the other common form of hemophilia, although it occurs significantly less often than hemophilia A. Hemophilia B is caused by a deficiency of factor IX. Hemophilia B is also known as Christmas disease.
  3. Hemophilia C: Hemophilia C is also known as factor 11 (factor XI) deficiency. read more health issues
Nursing diagnosis of hemophilia

Cause :

Hemophilia is inherited as a sex-linked recessive trait

A woman can pass on the defective gene for the trait without being affected herself. The gene that causes the disorder appears on the X chromosome, which is the female sex chromosome. (Men have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome, whereas women have two X chromosomes.

If a woman has one defective X chromosome,

The presence of her other, normal X chromosome ensures that she will not suffer from the disease herself. However, she can pass on her defective X chromosome to her sons, who will have the disease because they do not have a normal X chromosome to counteract the defect.

If she passes the defective chromosome to her daughters, they, too, will be carriers but will not have the disease is the Nursing diagnosis of hemophilia.

A male hemophiliac passes his defective X chromosome to his daughters, making them carriers. However, he passes on only his normal Y chromosome to his sons, who therefore will not have the disease (unless their mother is a carrier).

Although the condition appears almost exclusively in men, a woman can be a hemophiliac if her mother is a carrier and her father is a hemophiliac (in such a case, she inherits two defective X chromosomes).

  • [saswp_tiny_multiple_faq headline-0=”h2″ question-0=”What are 5 nursing diagnosis?, ” answer-0=”1.When a cut in the skin occurs or an injury is suffered, the bleeding may be substantial and prolonged. 2.In severe cases, spontaneous internal bleeding may occur without any obvious cause. 3.Blood may appear in the urine due to internal bleeding. 4.Pain is also a symptom when the bleeding occurs internally, between muscles and into joints are the Complication of hemophilia. 5.The course of the disease may result in irreversible damage to the joints,” image-0=”” count=”1″ html=”false”]which, in turn, results in greater pain and in limitation of movement is the nursing diagnosis of hemophilia.

Nursing diagnosis of hemophilia

  • If a child has any of the symptoms of hemophilia, or if there is a family history of hemophilia, a physician should be consulted.
  • The physician will order laboratory tests to establish the nursing diagnosis of hemophilia.
  • The most common test for hemophilia is determination of the partial thromboplastin time (PTT), which indicates how long it takes for the blood to clot.
  • Additional laboratory tests, including direct measurement of clotting factors, may be ordered in certain cases.

Treatment :

management of haemophilia has recently undergone dramatic changes. An important breakthrough has been the development of factor VIII replacement therapy. One therapy, cryoprecipitate, is prepared from donated blood plasma (the fluid portion of blood, which contains more factor VIII than whole blood does) and preventing Complication of hemophilia.

The plasma of an individual donor is quickly frozen by a special process and then slowly thawed, so that the portion rich in factor VIII can be separated out. This portion can then be prepared later for intravenous administration.

plasma of an individual donor is quickly frozen

Cryoprecipitate has the disadvantage of having to be stored and prepared in a hospital. Also, since cryoprecipitate is produced from the plasma of a single donor, the amount of factor VIII present in a given preparation is variable.

Treatment of hemophilia A has been further advanced by the development of a process of rapid freezing and dehydration (removal of water) of plasma, called lyophilization.

Freeze-dried concentrates are prepared and packaged so that they can be readily dissolved by a simple mixing procedure. (This process is similar in concept to the preparation and use of freeze-dried coffee.)

This concentrate, which quickly stops bleeding, is particularly efficient for home use in comparison with cryoprecipitate therapy.

Treatment of hemophilia B involves the use of fresh or stored plasma. Concentrate is also available for hemophilia B and is known as prothrombin complex concentrate.

Prevention of hemophilia

There are no preventive measures for hemophilia. Genetic testing can now identify carriers of hemophilia with considerable accuracy, however. also you can see nursing care plan for epistaxis nurseslabs and hemophilia nursing interventions quizlet.


What is nursing diagnosis for hemophilia? cdc

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