Causes Of Male Infertility, Symptoms, and Treatment

Causes of male infertility

Sexual Health

Sexual health is an important aspect of overall well-being, and for men, it can have a significant impact on their self-confidence and relationships. best male enhancement pills that work effectively have become a popular supplement for men looking to improve various aspects of their sexual health and treat Causes of male infertility.

Erectile dysfunction is only one way (if one of the more obvious), unfortunately, Causes of male infertility. Infertility in males is more of a common product than you might believe. If you suffer from infertility, it’s not the end of your hope.

Male infertility is defined by the World Health Organization as a man having a sperm count of less than 20 million/mL of semen.[ii] The technical term for male infertility or low sperm count.

Causes of male infertility
a couple suffering from infertility

what are the common causes of male infertility?

There are several potential causes of male infertility. Some of the most common causes and male infertility symptoms include:
Low sperm count or poor sperm motility: If a man’s sperm count is low or the sperm is not moving properly, it can make it difficult to conceive.
Hormonal imbalances: An imbalance in hormones such as testosterone, luteinizing hormone,  follicle-stimulating hormone, or prolactin can affect sperm production and fertility.
obesity, taking steroids, and more stress.

male infertility symptoms and causes

Surprisingly, male infertility springs from the same problems as female infertility. Women need the right balance of hormones in order to be fertile (ovulate regularly).

men need the right balance of hormones in order to produce sperm and prevent Causes of male infertility which forced you to consume male enhancement pills that work effectively to treat male infertility symptoms.

They are the same type of hormones in both cases – so the same hormones control the same fertility issues in men and women… and the same fertility drugs will work similarly.

male infertility symptoms

While male infertility often does not show any noticeable symptoms, there are some signs and symptoms that can indicate potential fertility issues. These may include:

  1. Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction), reduced sexual desire, or problems with ejaculation can be indicators of male infertility.

  2.  Low sperm count (oligospermia) or complete absence of sperm (azoospermia) in semen analysis can contribute to infertility. Sperm abnormalities, such as poor motility (movement) or abnormal morphology (shape), can also be present.

  3.  Pain or swelling in the testicles may indicate an underlying condition affecting fertility, such as infection, a varicocele (enlarged veins in the testicles), or a blockage in the reproductive tract. Additionally, small, hard lumps under the skin of the testicles may suggest the presence of testicular cancer.

  4. Hormonal imbalances, such as reduced facial or body hair growth, decreased muscle mass, or enlarged breasts (gynecomastia), may be associated with infertility.

The problem with the Causes of male infertility, however, is that the success rates are not equal. Males have about a third of the success rate that women do. Also, the FDA has not yet approved these infertility medications for male consumption – a medical practitioner can prescribe them for you.

There haven’t been that many studies conducted on infertility medications and how they affect men, but few studies have been done agree that they improve the sperm count and help the male become fertile (they do work, just not all the time).

human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG).

The Main Causes of male infertility If you have a low sperm count, your medical practitioner may describe them for you. There would probably be only two that would be prescribed – clomiphene and

Talk to your medical practitioner if you are experiencing a low sperm count and see if infertility medications may be the best course of action for you! Always speak with a medical practitioner before starting any medication. It would also be good to tell him or her about the following things:

  1. Are you allergic to any drugs?
  2. What medications are you currently taking? Supplements?
  3. Are you currently scheduled for any surgery?
  4. Do you take alpha-blockers or nitroglycerin?

One in eight couples trying to conceive suffers from some form of infertility. Up to 40% of diagnosed cases of infertility are due to males

causes of male infertility

There are several potential causes of male infertility. Some of the most common causes and male infertility symptoms include:

  1. Low sperm count or poor sperm motility: If a man’s sperm count is low or the sperm is not moving properly, it can make it difficult to conceive.
  2. Hormonal imbalances: An imbalance in hormones such as testosterone, luteinizing hormone,  follicle-stimulating hormone, or prolactin can affect sperm production and fertility.
  3. Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It can affect sperm production and motility.
  4. Infection: Infections such as sexually transmitted infections or chronic infections can damage the reproductive system and affect fertility.
  5. Genetic factors: In some cases, genetic factors may play a role in the Causes of male infertility.
  6. Environmental factors: Exposure to toxins such as pesticides, chemicals, and radiation can affect sperm production and motility.
  7. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and obesity can affect fertility as well.


There are several factors that cause a man to have a low sperm count. Some are lifestyle and can possibly be corrected, and some are medical. Lifestyle factors that cause lower sperm count include:

When a man is overweight it can reduce male fertility. The stress from excess weight compromises the sperm. Excess weight around the stomach area can cause the testicles to overheat.

Causes of male infertility obesity
Causes of male infertility obesity

This in turn can reduce sperm count or even cause the overweight man to become sterile. Losing excess weight can help to correct these problems

  • Steroids 

Excessive taking of Steroids from the Causes of male infertility that are used to increase muscle mass actually shrinks the testicles and decreases sperm count.

When trying to enhance male infertility treatment anabolic steroids should be avoided.

Trying to conceive is a particularly stressful time, especially if you have been trying for over a year with no success. Work and other life stressors don’t help. Stress can lower sperm count. Steps need to be taken to reduce stress.

male infertility treatment Exercise is a great way of relieving stress. Try to incorporate at least four thirty-minute sessions per week.

Poor nutrition can decrease sperm count. Males trying to conceive need to take regular multivitamins and ensure they are getting adequate supplies of zinc, folate, and vitamin C.

  • Medication 

Certain medications reduce sperm count and may cause male infertility. These medications include but are not limited to Tagamet:

  • (cimetidine)
  • Dilantin (phenytoin)
  • Folex (methotrexate)
  • Axulfidine (sulfasalazine)
  • corticosteroids
  • and chemotherapy drugs such as Cytoxan and Neosar (cyclophosphamide)

Alcohol can also adversely affect sperm motility.

Alcohol is known to adversely affect fertility. There is no doubt that alcohol affects both male and female fertility. Even moderate levels of alcohol consumption can affect fertility in both men and women.

Let us talk about how alcohol can impair male fertility.

  • First of all, alcohol reduces sperm density. Apart from reducing sperm count, alcohol may also result in abnormalities in sperm shape and size, which can lead to
  • Alcohol can alter the oval head shape also the sperm tail shape, which matters much in male fertility.
  • Alcoholism can lead to a decline in T serum levels, which is one of the causes of male infertility.
  • It is seen that alcohol leads to a rise in estrogen levels, which may interfere with hormone and sperm development. It can also affect the sperm-producing cells in the testicles.

Well, alcoholism can lead to gynecomastia, atrophy in the testicles, and also impair sexual interest, which leads to impotency.

It has been said that moderate drinking will not cause much damage.

Studies have shown that drinking more than four ounces of alcohol can affect fertility in men. Alcohol is not good for male fertility. It is not just that your reproductive health is affected by alcohol, but you may also come across other serious health conditions if you take alcohol in larger quantities.

Well, if you are very serious about becoming a father it is better to give up your old lifestyle. Give up your drinking habit if you want to become the father of a child.

male infertility treatment options

The treatment for male infertility depends on the underlying cause or causes identified through a comprehensive evaluation. Here are some common treatment options:


  • If the cause of infertility is due to hormonal imbalances, medications may be prescribed to restore normal hormone levels.

  • For example, gonadotropin medications may stimulate sperm production in cases of low sperm count or poor sperm motility.


  • Surgical procedures can correct certain anatomical abnormalities that contribute to infertility. One example is varicocele repair, which involves tying off enlarged veins in the scrotum to prevent male infertility treatment causes such as sperm count and quality.
  • Surgery may also be used to remove obstructions in the reproductive tract or to retrieve sperm directly from the testicles for use in assisted reproductive techniques.

Lifestyle changes

  • Adopting a healthy lifestyle can improve fertility. Recommendations may include maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, managing stress levels, and avoiding excessive heat exposure to the testicles.

Assisted reproductive techniques:

In cases where natural conception is unlikely, assisted reproductive technologies may be employed. These include:

a. Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Sperm is collected, processed, and then directly inserted into the woman’s uterus during ovulation.

b. In vitro fertilization (IVF): The woman’s eggs are retrieved and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred into the woman’s uterus.

c. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): A single sperm is injected directly into an egg to facilitate fertilization. This technique is often used when there are severe sperm abnormalities or low sperm count.

It’s essential to consult with a fertility specialist or urologist who can evaluate your specific situation and recommend the most appropriate treatment options based on your diagnosis

If you are concerned about the Causes of male infertility, it is best to consult with a healthcare professional who can help determine the underlying cause and provide appropriate male infertility treatment options.

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